(Chinese: 王安石; December 8, 1021 – May 21, 1086 ) was a Chinese economist, statesman, chancellor and poet of the Song Dynasty
who attempted controversial, major socioeconomic reforms. These reforms constituted the core concepts and motives of the Reformists, while their nemesis, Chancellor Sima Guang, led the Conservative faction against them.
In economics, his reforms expanded the use of money, broke up private monopolies and introduced some forms of government regulation and social welfare. In military affairs, he supported the use of local militias; and in education and government, he expanded the examination system and tried to suppress nepotism. Though successful for a while, he eventually fell out of favor of the emperor.
More Detail: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Anshi