(Chinese: 柳如是; pinyin: Liú Rúshì; Wade–Giles: Liu Ju-shih), also known as Liu Shi, Liu Yin and Yang Yin (1618–1664), was a famous courtesan in the late Ming dynasty who married Qian Qianyi at the age of 25. She committed suicide on the death of her husband. She was a famous poet, famously exchanging verses with Chen Zilong, and was noted for her painting.
She was friends with fellow courtesan Chen Yuanyuan, who was the concubine of Wu Sangui.
During her life Liu was a prolific poet, publishing four collections of her work before the age of 22. Her calligraphy was noted for its bold, masculine strokes, using the "wild-grass script" style. Her solo anthologies included Songs from the Mandarin Duck Chamber and Poems Drafted by a Lake, and her poetry was published alongside her husband's in a number of his works.
More Detail: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liu_Rushi