Duanwu Dragon boat festival
In this month,there is an important Chinese festival called “Duanwu jie”,also “ Dragon Boat Festival”. It is in the fifth month and fifth day of Chinese lunar month.
The word "Dragon Boat Festival" in Chinese “ Duanwu” first appeared in the Western Jin Dynasty,year 266-316，about 1800 years ago. The Dragon Boat Festival is just around the summer solstice, the direct point of the sun is in the Tropic of cancer, and the position of the sun in the sky is the most important day of the year.
Dragon Boat race is an important activity of Dragon Boat Festival.Dragon boat race was the earliest form of sacrificial activities for ancestors of Wuyue in the ancient south. The ancestors of the south often used boat boats to draw dragon figures as totem or protection god of the tribe.
In the water town of South China, there will be a dragon boat race on Duanwu day, which is very lively. I remember that in Shen Congwen's novel border city, there are wonderful descriptions of dragon boat race and duck catching in the small town of Western Hunan. It was about 1920 to 1930.
The celebration food of the Dragon Boat Festival is zongzi, wrapped with bamboo leaves, reed leaves, banana leaves, etc. and steamed glutinous rice. Among them, add nuts, meat and other fillings to increase flavor.
I remember when I was a child, I would gather dew in the field and put it on my eyes before the sun came out in the morning of Dragon Boat Festival. It is said that it can make my eyes bright. Adults also prepared to hang Chinese mugwort on the door to drive away mosquitoes. This day, adults will drink realgar wine. Realgar is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine, which can detoxify, kill insects and stop itching. For children under the age of drinking, adults smear realgar wine on their forehead, ears, nose, hands, feet and heart, aiming at disinfection and disease prevention.
I still remember that the old people cut a lot of Chinese mugwort on this day. It is said that mugwort has the best efficacy and is most suitable for harvesting on this day. When it's dry in the sun, make it like a rope. In summer, it can light up and smoke away mosquitoes. It can also be used to relieve painful body parts. The way calls moxibustion.
Another interesting thing about Dragon Boat Festival is to tie colorful ropes around the neck or wrist. It is a good sustenance for people 's health. It is also called colorful silk, colorful silk, etc., which is made of red, green, yellow, white and black thick silk,total five color silk. It is the mascot and accessory of the Dragon Boat Festival and has the function of exorcism.